- Largest field in psychology
- Help patients determine what mental illness they have and what treatment can be given.
- Help individuals deal with grief and moving past life-changing events such as divorce.
- Work settings: Offices, hospitals, universities, medical schools, and rehab centers
- Specially trained to operate within the criminal justice system.
- Forensic psychologists can help judges and lawyers understand the psychological issue that may be relevant to particular court cases.
- These individuals are the psychologists who testify as expert witnesses in courts of law.
- Specializes in one of the three areas: family court, civil court, or criminal court.
- Study the psychological affects of life-changing periods of growth such as infancy, adolescence, and old age.
- Job responsibilities include:
- Evaluating children for developmental disabilities
- Studying the development of moral reasoning
- Studying the evolution of ethics in children
- Studying patterns of behavior and the development of personality
- Investigating problem solving
- Work settings: Colleges, universities, government programs, living facilities, psychiatric wards, rehab centers and community centers.
- The study of biological factors that affect health and treatment of patients adjust when illnesses affect quality of life.
- Experimental psychologists study human behavior and therapeutic applications.
- Work setting: research laboratories.
- Sometimes work with small animals to try to relate these behaviors to human ones.
- Areas of research include the study of memory, learning and genetic factors influencing behavior.